By Geraint Parry, Michael Moran
Following the collapse of the former regimes of Eastern and Central Europe and Latin America the choice of all of the democratizing countries was to move towards liberal democracy. Likewise in Africa, many authoritarian regimes seem to be in retreat. Democracy seems to be the only valued political system of the late twentieth century, so that even China for example, describes itself as the "people's democratic dictatorship". So have we really, as Francis Fukuyama suggested, reached "the end of history"? We need to look seriously at the tension between "liberalism" and "democracy" which have led to dissatisfaction with the liberal model in countries such as Britain and France, and to discuss the real problems of stabilization and survival which the democratizing countries are experiencing. This timely collection examines questions of central concern to scholars and practitioners of politics. The authors look at both the concept of democracy and the process of democratization, combining theoretical chapters by historians of ideas and political theorists, with empirical chapters on the process of democratization in Eastern Europe, China, The Middle East and Latin America, as well as in established democracies such as Britain and France.