Bullies, Fights, and Guns: Testing Self-Control Theory with Juveniles

Synopsis

Most examinations of juvenile violence are limited in the behaviors studied and the theories used. To address these issues Nofziger applies a test of Gottfredson and Hirschi's (1990) General Theory of Crime to a range of violent and intimidating acts. She explores bullying, fighting, and weapon related behaviors and tests the effects of self-control and opportunity with survey data on 1200 juveniles. The analysis indicates that greater self-control decreases intimidation and violence and that greater opportunity increases the same behaviors. The study supports self-control theory and suggests that lessened self-control and increased opportunity encourage the behaviors under investigation.

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