Paralyses: Literature, Travel, and Ethnography in French Modernity

Synopsis

Modernity has long been equated with motion, travel, and change, from Marx's critical diagnoses of economic instability to the Futurists' glorification of speed. Likewise, metaphors of travel serve widely in discussions of empire, cultural contact, translation, and globalization, from Deleuze's "nomadology" to James Clifford's "travelling cultures." This book, in contrast, argues that the key texts of modernity and post-modernity may be approached through figures and narratives of paralysis. Motion, John Culbert contends, is no more defining of modern travel than fixations, resistance, and impasse; concepts and figures of travel, he posits, must be rethought in this more static light. Focusing on the French and Francophone context, in which paralyzed travel is a persistent motif, Culbert also offers new insights into French critical theory and its often paradoxical figures of mobility, from Blanchot'spas au-delàand Barthes'dériveto Derrida'saporiasand Glissant'sdiversions. Here we see that paralysis is not merely the failure of transport, but rather the condition in which travel, by coming to a crisis, calls into question both mobility and stasis in the language of desire and the order of knowledge. Paralysesprovides a close analysis of the rhetoric of empire and the economy of tourism precisely at their points of breakdown, which in turn enables a deconstruction of master narratives of exploration, conquest, and exoticism. A reassessment of key authors of French modernity---from Nerval and Gautier to Fromentin, Paulhan, Beckett, Leiris, and Boudjedra---Paralysesalso constitutes a new theoretical intervention in debates on travel, translation, ethics, and post-coloniality.