The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), which will become effective July 26, 1992, prohibits various entities from discriminating against disabled persons. The law applies to employment, public accommodations, transportation, and telecommunications. Title I of the ADA specifically deals with employment discrimination.
The general rule stated in Title I is that "no covered entity shall discriminate against a qualified individual with a disability because of the disability of such individual in regard to job application procedures, the hiring, advancement, or discharge of employees, employee compensation, job training, and other terms, conditions, and privileges of employment."
During the first two years of implementation, the ADA will govern employers who have 25 or more employees per work day for 20 or more weeks of the current or preceding year. After that, the threshold number of employees drops to 15 per work day.