By Orbist, Hans-Ulrich; Godbrey, Mark; Kushner, Rachel; Rattemeyer, Christian
Artforum International , Vol. 44, No. 5
Booth, Olivia--Criticism and interpretation
Cao Fei--Criticism and interpretation
Kerbel, Janice--Criticism and interpretation
Curators--Beliefs, Opinions and Attitudes
Artists--Criticism and Interpretation
Art Critics--Beliefs, Opinions and Attitudes
HANS-ULRICH OBRIST ON CAO FEI
CAO FEI IS A KEY MEMBER of the vibrant new generation of Chinese artists emerging in the early twenty-first century, a time marked by widespread optimism similar to that which existed in the US in the 1950s and '60s. As curator Hou Hanru has remarked, most of them came of age in a world of electronic advertising and imported entertainment ranging from Taiwanese television to American rap. Although influenced in their embrace of a variety of media by Chinese artists in exile, such as Huang Young Ping in Paris or Cai-Guo Qiang in New York, the members of the younger generation have chosen to remain at home, where they have capitalized on the new availability and case of use of digital video technologies. Working outside the context of state-controlled TV and film, these figures (including Cao Fei, Yang Fudong, and Kan Xuan) have forged interdisciplinary and often collaborative projects to document and negotiate the new social realities of daily life.
Born in 1978 in Guangzhou, where she resides today, Cao Fei has developed an expansive oeuvre of theatrical performance, photography, writing, sound pieces, short film, and even a feature-length production. Indeed, the multiplicity of her practice recalls that of the young Robert Rauschenberg--a model of the artist as both an inventor and explorer who with infinite curiosity acts as a witness of his or her time. But a more apt comparison might be with Miranda July, who emerged simultaneously in Portland, Oregon. Like her, Cao Fei began writing plays in her teens, spurring what would become a complex, "postmedium" oscillation between different specialties. Both women espouse a DIY ethic and defy easy categorization, in contrast with the artists of the late 1980s and early '90s who tended to be identified with specific artistic milieus. What is particularly fascinating about their two practices is the tight relationship between spoken word, fixed scene, and moving image, recalling Jacques Ranciere's desire to "criticize the vision of artistic modernity, which would say that everybody is in their own place with their own medium and their own language."
Cao Fei uses Guangzhou as a nexus, or device, for organizing her interdisciplinary activities: With its dynamic structural changes, the city has acted as both a trigger and a backdrop for her work. In 2005, for example, she developed a new theater project for the second Guangzhou Triennale, a work she described as "a fluid drama" chronicling the ever-accelerating life on the Pearl River Delta. Her earlier video Oasis shows a man smiling at strangers amid the totally indifferent urban environment, while the more recent Hip Hop, 2003, captures construction workers and a policeman moving strangely to a steady rhythm (their awkwardness evoking the early days of MTV).
More synthetic in scope than these previous works, the eight-minute video COSPlayers, 2004, (along with a related series of photographs) is both critical and spectacular, using pop culture as a bridge rather than as a simple reference in the ubiquitous orgy of appropriation and revival. The title refers to the subculture of costume play in which young men and women dress as Japanese anime characters and behave as their chosen avatars. Cloaked in black capes and metallic suits and wielding menacing weapons, which are supposed to give them magical powers, Cao Fei's "COSplayers" chase each other across the fields outside Guangzhou and stalk anonymous urban spaces. Along the way, the camera takes in enormous construction sites and herds of livestock, in an attempt to grasp the marvelous and strange contrasts in the heart of the real city. Characterized by a temporal telescoping borrowed from the theater, the disjointed narrative is left suspended, and the film ends with the unlikely heroes returned to their homes, where, like ordinary teenagers, they eat and nap in the vicinity of their distracted parents. …