By Strudwick, Helen
History Today , Vol. 56, No. 6
WHEN WILL THE EGYPTIAN GALLERIES be open again?' has been a recurring question at the Fitzwilliam for the last eighteen months, emphasizing both the importance of the collection and the abiding appeal of ancient Egypt. During this period a major project of redisplay has been in progress, completed at the end of May, when the galleries reopen.
Egypt is often seen as an unchanging culture, with beautiful statues all looking rather similar. The new displays will encourage visitors to recognize that things did change over time; and, rather than just being thrilled to see a mummy, they will have the chance to learn why the Egyptians went to such great lengths to preserve their dead and provide for them so lavishly.
For many people, it is the Egyptians' belief in death and the afterlife that fascinates them; one of the first questions many visitors ask is 'where is the mummy?'. People often believe the Egyptians were obsessed with death; in fact it would be more true to say they were preoccupied with life and how to perpetuate it.
So, when the new displays were planned, a decision was taken to restrict the funerary displays to just half a gallery. Light levels in this part are kept low, with no natural light, to give a sense of the dark environment of a tomb. The displays in this area also emphasize the archaeological context of the objects.
So, for example, the stunningly beautiful mummy case of Nakhtefmut will be displayed together with the artefacts found in his burial, and a text panel will explain their relationship.
In the other half of this gallery the emphasis is on the lives of the ancient Egyptians. The climate in Egypt is so dry that many made of organic materials have survived. Wooden furniture and linen textiles are displayed, along with jewellery and other adornments, and a selection of the pottery. Techniques of sculpting and writing equipment will feature in another display, and there will be cases showing objects used in religious, magical and ritual contexts.
The sarcophagus lid of Ramesses III, long familiar to visitors, still provides a dramatic first view of the collection as for visitors approaching from the Greek gallery, and it forms the central focus of the second gallery. The displays here emphasize the importance of the king in people's lives. People often think that true portraiture did not exist in Egyptian art, but in each king's reign there seems to have been an accepted way he was to be depicted, in relief or sculpture, which also influenced the way that non-royal people were shown. …