United Nations General Assembly Focuses on Poverty Alleviation

Article excerpt

THE United Nations (UN) General Assembly opened its 61st Session on September 12, 2006. The General Assembly is the main deliberative body of the UN. It is composed of representatives of all member states, each entitled to one vote. Decisions on important questions, such as those on peace and security, admission of new members, and budgetary matters, require two-thirds majority; while decisions on other questions are by simple majority.

The general functions and powers of the General Assembly are spelled out in the UN Charter. It makes recommendations on the general principles of cooperation for maintaining international peace and security (except where a dispute or situation is currently being discussed by the Security Council), for the peaceful settlement of any situation that might impair friendly relations among nations, and on matters affecting the powers and functions of any organ of the UN. It initiates studies to promote international political cooperation, the development and codification of international law, the realization of human rights and fundamental freedoms for all peoples, and international collaboration in the areas of economic, social, humanitarian, cultural, educational and health. It receives and considers reports from the Security Council and other UN organs, approves the UN budget and establishes financial assessments of member states. It elects the non-permanent members of the Security Council and the members of other UN councils and organs, and on recommendation of the Security Council, it appoints the Secretary-General. …