1 ALEXANDER GRAHAM BELL (1847-1922)
A super-inventor and creator of the telephone. Edinburgh-born Bell emigrated to Canada aged 23 before settling in Boston, Massachusetts. He amassed 18 patents, shared another 12 and co-founded the National Geographic Society in 1888.
2 JAMES BRAID (1795-1860)
The surgeon dabbled in putting people into a trance to make their operations less painful. Born at Rylawhouse in Fife, Braid was first to coin the term "hypnosis".
3 SIR THOMAS BRISBANE (1773-1860) Born in Largs, Brisbane was a soldier and astronomer. He was governor of New South Wales and the Australian city of Brisbane is named after him.
4 SIR DAVID BREWSTER (1781-1868) He worked with polarised light and invented the kaleidoscope - a device marvelled at by kids everywhere.
5 ANDREW CARNEGIE (1835-1919)
This Dunfermline boy's fortune came from iron and steelworks in the US. His gifts, such as libraries, stand to this day.
6 JAMES CHALMERS (1782-1853)
The inventor of the adhesive postage stamp, this Dundonian was also a bookseller and publisher.
7 SIR HUGH DALRYMPLE (1700-1753)
This North Berwick landowner allowed agriculture to spread to unworkable wetlands by inventing the hollow-pipe drainage system.
8 ALEXANDER FLEMING (1881-1955) This genius, from Darvel in Ayrshire, created penicillin. His discovery in 1928 altered the way the world treated bacterial infection.
9JAMES "PARAFFIN" YOUNG (1811-1883)
Glasgow chemist patented his process of extracting oil from coal and shale, and sold paraffin for heat and light around the world.
10 KIRKPATRICK MACMILLAN ( 1813-1878) In his blacksmith's bothy at Keir in Dumfries-shire he invented the bicycle. But he didn't patent his invention and others cashed in.
11 sir william 11arrol
(1839-1913) Responsible for one of the most I iconic structures in Scotland - the Forth Rail Bridge - and also the replacement for the rail route across the Tay.
12 JOHN WITHERSPOON18 (1723-1794) Born in Haddington, Witherspoon, emigrated to America in 1768. He fought for American independence.
13 CHARLES MACINTOSH 13(1766-1843) Glasgow and rain go together so it's no surprise the world's first raincoat was invented in the city. Charles discovered that a by-product of tar could be used to create a waterproof fabric and as a result the "Mac" was born.
14 JOHNloGie BAIRD (1888-1946) Everyone knows Helensburgh-born Baird as the inventor of mechanical television, but he also patented fibre optics and dabbled in radar.
15 ALLAN PINKERTON10(1819-1884)
The world's first private eye, he formed the Chicago-based Pinkerton Detective Agency and helped foil an assassination attempt on US President Abraham Lincoln.
16 JAMES WATT(1736-1819)
The watt, a unit of power, is named after this mechanical engineer from Greenock. …