Republic of India Celebration

Article excerpt

INDIA's history is shrouded in antiquity. The country is known as a nation of philosophers with a well-developed and even idyllic society. One of the oldest Scriptures in the world is the four-volume Vedas that many regard as the repository of concepts that anticipated some modern scientific discoveries.

Despite formidable barriers in the form of the mighty Himalayas and oceans, India received a succession of foreigners who stayed on and made India a land of assimilation and learning, a land of change and continuity. The Aryans were among the first to arrive in India, which was then inhabited by the Dravidians. Then came the Greeks, Persians, the Mughal, the Portuguese, the French, and the British, while the country saw major dynasties come and go, from the Shakas, to the Kushans, the Maurayas, and Gupias. Nearly every major religion in the world is represented in India, which is also the land of the Lord Buddha, Lord Mahavira, and Guru Nanak Dev, the founders of Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikkhism.

India's path to independent rule has been equally inspiring. With a charismatic leader in the person of Mahatma Gandhi who waged Satyagraha, a unique non-violent campaign, India threw off the yoke of British rule on August 15, 1947. Less than three years after attaining freedom, India framed a Constitution and declared itself a republic on January 26, 1950. …