With rising unemployment on the horizon, those caught in the middle include graduate students trying to burnish their skills and employability. But the nation's teaching and research assistants also are mounting a challenging drive: convincing Congress to ease rules on collective bargaining so they gain better pay and benefits.
"We're trying to get in line when there is major political change next year" says Rana Jaleel, a teaching assistant and Ph.D. candidate at New York University. "In uncertain economic times, a union contract is an important protection for workers and their families--including academic workers."
The issue is one of status--whether graduate and research assistants are employees of their college or university or are primarily students. The National Labor Relations Board in 2000 called them employees who could participate in collective bargaining. But the board reversed course in 2004, ruling that assistants are students and not employees.
Now the issue is before Congress, as House and Senate education committee chairmen--Rep. George Miller, D-Calif., and Sen. Edward Kennedy, D-Mass.--have proposed legislation restoring NLRB's 2000 interpretation of graduate assistants as employees.
While Congress has taken no action yet this year, sponsors say that prospects may change in 2009 when a new Congress considers the legislation, called the Teaching and Research Collective Bargaining Rights Act. Nationwide, more than 2,000 teaching and research assistants have signed an online petition at www.ipetitions.com/petition/TA_rights.
The bill's champions include many graduate assistants at New York University, where teaching assistants affiliated with the United Auto Workers in 2002 became the first academic student employees to negotiate a collective bargaining agreement with a private university. Supporters of the pact say it produced steady pay raises, employer-paid health care, grievance procedures and child care stipends.
However, after the NLRB reversed itself in a 3-2 decision on a similar case involving Brown University in 2004, NYU and the union could not reach agreement to expand the pact …