What Was the Question?
Johnson, Delva, and O'Malley (2007) conducted a study that aimed to determine the levels of physical education and school-based sports participation of American secondary students and to examine the influence of grade level, race/ethnicity, and socioeconomic status on these participation levels.
What Was Done?
Data were collected between 2003 and 2005 from more than 500 schools nationwide. School administrators completed questionnaires as part of the Youth, Education, and Society study on physical activity, physical education participation and requirements, and sports participation in their school. Over 54,000 students in those same …