World Health Organization Calls for Hospitals and Medical Facilities to Observe the Standards of Health Care

Article excerpt

Newborns generally enter the world healthy. However, due to their underdeveloped immune system, they become susceptible to certain infections, much more so than older children and adults. Neonatal sepsis is a serious bacterial infection in the blood that kills 8,000 Filipino newborns annually. It is a serious infection caused by viruses, fungi, parasites, or bacteria that spread throughout the body's blood and tissues. Some of these infectious agents are acquired from the environment.

Apart from maintaining a clean hospital environment, birthing women, birth attendants, and others handling the baby should observe strict personal hygiene at all times, particularly handwashing and sterilizing. All equipment and instruments that would come in contact with skin or mucous membranes must be washed and thoroughly sterilized. Safe cutting of the umbilical cord (using a sterile blade) and keeping the wound clean and dry is very important. Handling of the baby and invasive intervention such as setting up intravenous lines should be undertaken only when there is a proven need.

Breastfeeding and rooming-in or placing the child with its mother can dramatically reduce the number of neonatal sepsis. …