Today in History

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TODAY is Saturday, August 22, the 234th day of 2009. There are 131 days left in the year.

Highlights in history on this date:

* 1485 - England's King Richard III is killed at the Battle of Bosworth, ending War of the Roses.

* 1642 - English Civil War begins when King Charles I brands Parliament and its soldiers as traitors.

* 1851 - The schooner America out races the Aurora off the English coast to win a trophy that later becomes known as the America's Cup.

* 1864 - The Geneva Convention for the protection of the wounded during times of active warfare is signed, leading to the formation of the Red Cross.

* 1872 - A morse code message is sent from Adelaide to Darwin for the first time via a telegraph line.

* 1906 - The record player is patented.

* 1930 - The two halves of Sydney Harbour Bridge are joined together.

* 1945 - The Vietnam War begins with French paratroopers arriving after Communist leader Ho Chi Minh stages a successful revolt.

* 1978 - Tear gas is used to quell riot by 150 prisoners in Sydney's Long Bay Jail who set fire to their cells. …