Physical Communication, Body Language

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(Part Two)In the study on physical communication, body language can be categorized in three main aspects – Gesture, Postures and Physiological Signs.GESTURENon-verbal communication (NVC) can be imparted through gesture, one of the most common forms of NVC body language.Gesturing is performed using a part of the body, particularly the arms, hands and face. It is used either totally instead of verbal communication or in combination with it.By using gesture, individuals are able to visually and simply express a wide range of attitudes, thoughts, feelings and beliefs, from disagreement, disappointment, disgust, contempt, rejection, opposition and hostility to acceptance, agreement, support, approval, affection, appreciation, joy, salutation, acknowledgement and concurrence.The use of body language as a tool for NVC involves what is called stylized gesturing.POSTUREPosture refers to a person’s normal or purposely assumed position. It is about the natural or intentionally positioned configuration of the body or parts thereof, especially the arms and head.For example, to demonstrate a level of high personal interest in what a speaker may be saying, a listener sitting at a desk, may assume an “attention” posture by positioning themselves with elbows on the table in front with their chin squarely placed on their clasped of cuffed hands. When sitting on a sofa, the elbows may be placed on the knees.PHYSIOLOGIC SIGNSIn communications and body language, physiologic signs refer to “functions of the human body.’’ In challenging or negative communication circumstances, a person may become clammy, begin to perspire or alternatively suffer from bouts of coldness, respiratory difficulties or even almost uncontrollable coughing fits. These outcomes are sometimes seen as signs of “guilt” or “fault” but they also may be result of simply being afraid.INTERPRETATIONObserving and correctly interpreting an individual’s initial reaction or ongoing response in a communicative situation can give the questioning party to such a communication, a special mental “edge” or psychological advantage particularly in discordant circumstances. …