Stripped Bare: Since 2007, the Israeli and Egyptian Blockade of the Gaza Strip Has Restricted the Movement of People and Goods into the Palestinian Enclave in Effort to Reduce the Perceived Terrorist Threat of the Ruling Party, Hamas. with Construction Materials in Short Supply, Gazans Have Gone to Great Lengths to Source the Aggregates and Cement They Need to Patch Up Their Crumbling Infrastructure

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A horse and cart filled with rubble in the remains of an Israeli settlement in northern Gaza. The blockade has identified certain building materials, including metal pipes and cement, as a security risk as they could be used to build rockets, bunkers and tunnels

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CLOCKWISE, FROM ABOVE: boys collect shells on a beach in northern Gaza. With aggregates in short supply, shells are used as a subsititute for gravel, fetching around 50 shekels (9 [pounds sterling]) a tonne; a young man sits on sacks of gravel that await transportation. With many businesses devastated during the Gaza War of 2008-09, the unemployment rate in the Palestinian enclave has reached 40 per cent, one of the highest in the world and more than that of Afghanistan, Iraq and Sudan; a man cuts reinforcing steel from the remains of a building destroyed during one of the many conflicts to have engulfed Gaza during the past decade. Last year, a study by the Applied Research Institute in Jerusalem reported that due to the shortage of construction materials, there wasn't enough electricity or water for agriculture and industry in Gaza; women gather gravel from the destroyed runway at Yasser Ararat International Airport in the south of the Gaza Strip

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A cart removes rubble from the remains of the runway at Yasser Ararat International Airport in southern Gaza. Opened by US President Bill Clinton in 1998, the airport handled more than 700,000 passengers a year. It stood as a symbol of Palestinian sovereignty, a direct link with the outside world at a time when Israel and Egypt controlled its borders. …