Land of Ancient Civilization in Central Eurasia

Article excerpt

Kazakhstan is the land of the ancient civilization of the Central Euroasian region, with a surprising and unique history, where in interlacing of nomadic and settled worlds during centuries powerful empires and states were born and died, and again rehabilitated from ashes; cultures and religions enriched and changed, major trade ways appeared connecting East and West.

In Kazakhstan there are many places undoubtedly considered as pearls of nature. These are wonderful lakes in the North and whimsical mountains of Tyan- Shan and unique wood files of the Eastern Kazakhstan, and a number of other remarkable places some of them have kept beauty and giving special pleasure as well as having great value. Our Republic is located in four climatic zones: forest- stepped, stepped, semi-deserted and deserted, there are all types of climate observed in the Earth, except for tropical and equatorial.

The population of Kazakhstan, is totaled about 15 millions, unites more than hundred nationalities differing in language, culture and certain aspects of their daily life, but closely connected with common fates. Historically has developed so, that Kazakhstan being in the center of two civilizations, has incorporated all variety and values of these cultures and became the really multinational state. Here besides the Kazakhs live the following nations: Russians, Ukrainians, Germans, Azerbaidjans, Uigurs, Koreans, Dungans and a lot of other nationalities. On the territory of the Republic, riches by ancient history of nomadic peoples, a northern branch of the Great Silk Road is passing. The huge territory remembers steps of caravans, for thousands of years walking on wide roots of the Great Silk Road. This part of the Road represents a unique complex of history monuments, archeology, architecture, town-planning and monumental art. Cities Otrar, Sairam (Ispidzhab), Sygnak, Sauran, Suzak, Turkestan (Yassy) and others were not only shopping centers, but also centers of science and culture. …