THE Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) of the United Nations (UN) was
established by the UN Charter as the principal organ, under the authority of the General Assembly, to promote higher standards of living, full employment, and conditions of economic and social progress and development; seek solutions to international economic, social, health, and related problems; and promote universal respect for, and observance of, human rights and fundamental freedoms for all, without distinction as to race, sex, language, or religion.
With 54 members elected from among the members of the General Assembly who serve three-year terms, the ECOSOC serves as the central forum for discussing international economic and social issues, and for formulating policy recommendations addressed to member states and to the United Nations system. The ECOSOC also conducts consultations with international non-governmental organizations on matters with which the Council deals.
The ECOSOC generally holds one five-week substantive session each year, alternating between New York and Geneva. …