AIRLINES AROUND the world are reeling in the wake of the terrorist attack on New York's World Trade Centre which, combined with an already precarious world economy, has left many airlines struggling to survive.
In Asia the situation appears to be relatively less dire compared to the USA or Europe, according to senior lecturer, Department of Aviation, University of NSW Rodger Robertson.
The present climate suggests a major slump is on the way for airlines over the next 12 months, and airlines in the USA and Europe are anticipating this and laying people off.
Asia's carriers have certainly been impacted by the terrorist attacks on the US in the short term, with several announcing lay offs and forecasting revenue dips. Korean Air, South Korea's largest carrier, has already announced restructuring plans, while rival carrier Asiana has also said it would look at lay offs and service reductions. Japan Airlines has cut flights to the US due to lower demand, while Malaysia Airlines has announced a focus on Asian routes amidst job cuts. Cathay Pacific has also not ruled out cutting back on routes and making retrenchments.
UNSW's Robertson says only once in the history of aviation has the industry not experienced growth in a year, and that was during the Gulf War.
"Aviation depends on economic circumstances and psychological circumstances," he said.
"The world tends to bubble on and everyone is comfortable, but every now and then big shocks happen."
Robertson says an example of a major shock was during the early 1970s, when OPEC raised the price of oil and there was some hijacking of Western aircraft.
"That caused a psychological slump, so there was a hiccup for aviation," Robertson said.
Another "hiccup" was the Gulf War, which caused a rise in oil prices as people became frightened of travelling due to anti-American sentiment from the Middle East.
The present situation is reminiscent of the others mentioned, although Robertson says it is a "peculiar set of circumstances" as the threat is ongoing and the economy is going down at the same time.