Byline: Tom Ramstack, THE WASHINGTON TIMES
President Bush's signature on the terrorism insurance bill last week is ending one of the worst parts of "the perfect storm" for the insurance industry.
In the past two years, the insurance industry has been nearly ripped apart by a cataclysm of a poor stock market, runaway juries and terrorists.
Hard realities of business drove small insurers into bankruptcy and made even the largest companies dig into their cash reserves.
The terrorism insurance bill shields the insurance industry from catastrophic losses caused by terrorist attacks. One provision requires that taxpayers cover up to 90 percent of insured losses from major attacks, with the insurance industry paying up to the first $15 billion.
That provision is likely to rescue the industry from what many analysts call the worst time in insurance history.
The year 2001 started off poorly for insurance companies: Juries awarded huge payouts for asbestos claims, medical malpractice insurance rates drove doctors out of business, and homeowners saw their insurance rates climb from floods, storms and mold.
And the trial lawyers, as one industry analyst put it, "continued to run amok."
Then terrorists slammed airliners into the World Trade Center.
It was the worst insurance catastrophe in history. But then, corporate scandals pulled the stock market lower and took insurance companies' investments with them. The U.S. insurance industry has lost $20 billion in the last year.
"Last year's perfect storm produced a tsunami of misfortune for insurers," Robert Hartwig, chief economist for the Insurance Information Institute, said in a financial report. "Recession, underpricing, catastrophic losses, medical cost inflation, Enron, abuse of the legal system and, of course, the September 11 terrorist attack."
The past year, said John Morrison, the National Association of Insurance Commissioners legal issues task force chairman, was "the worst year ever."
Initially, specific groups were hit hardest by the industry's woes, such as high-risk doctors, homeowners in moist environments where toxic mold grows freely, ranchers overrun by Western fires, airlines and property owners near key government buildings.
But now, with a $120 billion shortfall of cash reserves and a souring stock market eating away at the rest, companies have raised rates on nearly every type of insurance.
Even the cost of health insurance for a dentist's teeth cleaning or replacing an automobile windshield are rising.
"Across the board, the risk for insurance companies is different today," said Debbie McKerrow, spokeswoman for the Maryland State Insurance Administration.
The industry reacts
Insurance industry analysts try to sound optimistic in reports to investors. Moderate economic growth and no major catastrophes so far in 2002, which would result in large insurance claims, are raising hopes for a brighter future.
But they also say any improvements must come quickly.
"Investment income and capital gains typically offset losses from claims, but market declines eliminated that cushion in 2001," Weiss Ratings, a financial-services ratings company, reported to customers.
The Insurance Information Institute is warning about continuing uncertainties in the stock market.
Among them, "The Enron debacle degenerated into a full-fledged crisis in corporate governance," the Insurance Information Institute said.
Enron's announcement a year ago that it manipulated its books started a wave of disclosures about major U.S. companies engaging in fanciful accounting, causing investors to lose confidence in Corporate America. The loss of trust drove down the stock market and eliminated investment money insurance companies depend on to survive bad times. …