LONDON -- Children and adolescents with intellectual disabilities are at increased risk of psychiatric disorders in general and of anxiety disorders, hyperactivity, and pervasive developmental disorder in particular, Eric Emerson, Ph.D., said at the Seventh World Congress on Innovations in Psychiatry
Parental, familial, and child-rearing factors appear to further influence psychopathology risk within this population, said Dr. Emerson, professor of clinical psychology at Lancaster (England) University.
Although it is generally believed that psychiatric problems are more common in children with intellectual disabilities, actual data are limited and often flawed. In most earlier studies, sampling was nonrandom, identified control groups were absent, or specific diagnoses were not given.
Dr. Emerson reported analysis of a random sample of 10,438 children, aged 5-15 years, in England, Scotland, and Wales, Data had been collected by the United Kingdom Office for National Statistics and was supplemented by interviews with principal caregivers (the mother in 94% of cases) and, for those older than 11 years, with children themselves. …