A rapidly developing field, aiming to reduce psychological distress and to enhance and promote psychological well-being. Psychological difficulties that are dealt with include anxiety, depression, relationship problems, learning disabilities, child and family problems, and serious mental illness. Generally, a clinical psychologist undertakes a clinical assessment which may lead to therapy, counselling or advice. Work is largely in health and social care settings, often directly with people, and due to national shortage job opportunities are very good. But places for post- graduate clinical psychology training are in short supply, with around three applications for each place.
Counselling psychologists apply psychology to working collaboratively across a diverse range of human problems. These include helping people manage difficult life events such as bereavement, past and present relationships and working with mental health issues and disorders. Counselling psychologists explore underlying issues and use an active collaborative relationship to empower people to consider change. Work is generally directly with people and is available in just about every sector, ranging from independent practice to the NHS and from schools to businesses. Post- graduate training is most likely to be self-financed.
Educational psychologists tackle the problems encountered by young …