Obama's insistence that US policy in the Middle East support, rather than thwart, popular yearnings for self-rule is a warning to autocrats in the region - and marks an 'update' since his Cairo speech.
Five months into the Arab Spring, President Obama is honing his Middle East strategy with an update to the "new beginning" he proposed for US-Arab relations nearly two years ago in Cairo.
Among the points the president is underscoring: Patience with tyrants is running short - even in cases, like Syria, where fear of an unknown alternative has moderated diplomatic pressures. The Israeli-Palestinian conflict is not isolated from the changes sweeping the region but demands a solution all the more because of it. And political actors in the new Middle East will be judged more on their actions than on affiliations and past positions.
This last point signifies that, in a region that largely rejected the ideology of Osama bin Laden even before his death at US hands earlier this month, political Islam will not be rejected by the US out of hand.
In a much-anticipated speech in Washington May 19, the president insisted that US policy in the Middle East will be designed to support - rather than thwart - the same popular yearnings for self- rule and prosperity that built America and produced what are now universal values.
Gone is the tipping of the hat to Arab autocrats that has accompanied decades of American calls for expanded political freedoms and economic opportunities in the region. "After decades of accepting the world as it is in the region, we have a chance to pursue the world as it should be," Mr. Obama said. "It will be the policy of the United States to promote reform across the region and to support transitions to democracy."
The change in two years was striking. In Cairo, Obama spoke with one of America's favorite autocrats, Hosni Mubarak, at his side. Now the US president spotlighted the young protesters of Cairo's Tahrir Square who chased Mr. Mubarak from power.
Yet even among supporters of Obama's vision of US policy toward an upended Middle East, the concern is that the lofty rhetoric won't be easily or quickly translated into results on the Arab street.
"This speech wasn't like Cairo, which was a message to connect with people in the Arab world. This was about strategies for the region as it undergoes profound change," says Bruce Jentleson, professor of public policy and political science at Duke University in Durham, N.C. "This had to come with more specifics and will have to be backed up with action."
Other more-critical regional analysts say Obama's message may barely register among the drivers of the Arab Spring - who had already decided that the political change is about them and has little to do with the US or any other outside power.
"There's a feeling in the Arab world that Arabs are having to take matters into their own hands, so in this situation [Obama's speech] is not going to have that much impact," says Marwan Muasher, vice president for studies at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in Washington.
Still, Obama offered some nuances and innovations in terms of US policy that are likely to have an effect in the region. In four areas Obama signaled how a closer dovetailing of American values and policies is likely to translate into action:
Egypt and Tunisia
The president announced that Egypt and Tunisia, where popular movements have already removed entrenched leaders, will become something akin to demonstration projects for how economic partnerships will be advanced to underpin both economic and political reforms. A $4 billion package of measures for the two countries - mostly involving existing programs and funding - is to include $1 billion in debt relief for Egypt to be redirected to encourage economic development.
Obama is signaling that the days of waiting for President Bashar al-Assad to stop the repression of his own people and open up to dialogue with his political opposition are numbered. …