By Keith Henderson, writer of The Christian Science Monitor
The Christian Science Monitor
BY the time students arrive at Landmark College, they've often flunked out of other colleges or universities. Many remember years of being labeled slow or unteachable.
But at this small school, terraced into a hillside above this southern Vermont town, such "learning-disabled" students get another try at academic success.
The academic rehabilitation that goes on here reflects a larger phenomenon in American higher education: the effort to open college doors to students with learning disabilities, such as problems with reading and focusing attention on academic tasks.
Prompted by federal legislation and the threat of losing federal funding, many colleges in recent years have instituted programs to help such students. According to Keith Lenz, of the Center for Research on Learning at the University of Kansas, this is "probably one of the fastest growing areas on campus now."
But the effort has not been without controversy. A few institutions, notably Boston University, have decided to scale back programs aimed at the learning disabled, voicing concerns about fraudulent claims for special treatment.
Landmark stands apart from such controversies. To begin with, its student body is entirely made up of individuals with learning problems - which probably makes it unique, according to Mr. Lenz and other experts. Its goal is to enable students to operate at the college level without special aids, like note-takers or special exam arrangements.
Landmark offers a two-year associate's degree, but many of its 240 students move on in less than two years. Some also stay longer.
The college just completed 10 years of operation and is accredited by the New England Association of Schools and Colleges.
While Landmark students have to have been diagnosed with a learning disability, admission requirements also include "average to superior intellectual potential." The school's specific mission is academic success at the college level.
The college surveyed former students by mail last year and found that 88 percent of the 426 who responded had gone on to complete other kinds of college work, mostly at four-year institutions. That contrasts with other programs designed to prepare learning-disabled students only for "independent adulthood" through apartment living, money-management training, and vocational education, for example.
Landmark's curriculum includes literature, math, and other liberal arts, as well as an array of noncredit offerings in basic study and organizational skills. One-on-one tutorials are part of every student's schedule.
Most of the students here made their way through high school with passing grades, often concocting unorthodox ways of culling classroom information that others get through reading. But in the unfamiliar, often impersonal setting of a large college, that ability to improvise and squeak through can evaporate.
Elizabeth Lavine, a Landmark alumna who now attends the University of Vermont (UVM), in Burlington, finished the 12th grade without being diagnosed as having a learning problem and was admitted to Ohio State University. There, she was soon overwhelmed by large lecture courses and flunked out. After that experience, she underwent testing that indicated a learning disability.
This pattern is not uncommon, notes Dr. Lenz. Most students with learning problems don't go on to college, he says, but those who do aim for higher education are usually motivated and bright. …