JERUSALEM - Israel and the Vatican yesterday began to set aside a bitter legacy of religious enmity by signing a mutual-recognition agreement which will lead to full diplomatic ties and the exchange of ambassadors in about four months, writes Sarah Helm.
It prompted speculation that the Pope would visit Jerusalem in the New Year. He has accepted an invitation in principle but no date has been set. While the deal was hailed as a diplomatic breakthrough, only a visit by the Pope would truly dispel Jewish mistrust of the Catholic Church, which is held largely responsible for fuelling anti-Semitism over the centuries by preaching that the expulsion of the Jews from Israel was punishment by God for refusing to accept Jesus as the Messiah.
Under the deal, signed at the Foreign Ministry by Yossi Beilin, Israel's deputy foreign minister, and Monsignor Claudio Celli, the Vatican under-secretary for foreign relations, the Vatican agrees to fight anti-Semitism and both sides pledge to encourage Christian pilgrimage to the Holy Land.
The reconciliation, which bolsters hopes for Middle East peace, was hailed by the government as the latest and perhaps most significant signal of Israel's fast- growing international recognition.
But the Islamic Resistance Movement, Hamas, condemned the deal, saying the Palestine Liberation Organisation had paved the way for it by its "humiliating" accord with Israel.
The Vatican had refused to recognise Israel since it was established in 1948, arguing that to do so would be contrary to international law. …