THE HEADS of state and government who meet in Corfu today for the European Union summit confront only one question of importance; and it seems likely that they will fudge it.
They are supposed to decide on a new President of the Commission to succeed Jacques Delors. The Belgian Prime Minister, Jean- Luc Dehaene, is the favourite, with the backing of most member states. But Ruud Lubbers, the Dutch Prime Minister and the other main candidate, seems unwilling to back down. If he does not - if a mixture of national pride and personal psychology prevents a decision - there will be deadlock and another summit will have to follow.
EU electors have just voted for a new European Parliament. But the choice of a President of the Commission is one of the least democratic processes in the European Union, with no input from outside the circle of heads of government.
Mr Dehaene is the leading candidate for one reason, which is that Helmut Kohl, the German Chancellor, likes him. In addition, Francois Mitterrand, the French Prime Minister, is glad to see a candidate who speaks French. In general the other states follow the lead of these two. But any of those gathered around the dinner table tonight can veto, because each is a sovereign head of government.
The sounds of the Trooping of the Colour wafted incongruously through the press room in Corfu yesterday, courtesy of the BBC and cable television, the real sounds of antique sovereignty. European summits, too, have something of this ritual quality: every six months a different country holds the Presidency of the European Union, the heads of government meet in that country, photos are taken and gifts are given. The Palace of St Michael and St George, where the Corfu summit will be held, exudes this quality of ritual.
This is all about the parading of national status. The country that runs the EU tries to make as good a fist of its summit as possible, pushing its view of Europe and its style of doing business. The Greeks have done this in an often hamfisted way, running into trouble over Macedonia and alienating their colleagues in the process. It is enough to make anyone think twice about the system of allowing each country to run the EU for six months.
But the summits are also a key part of the EU's decision-making machinery, where the really tough deals get made, or not as the case may be. Massive new infrastructure projects will also be planned here, for instance. The way this happens is bound up in national deal-making, trades and influence- peddling. It is hardly very effective and not always very pretty, but that is the way world leaders work.
The question of the EU's functioning will also feature on the agenda today. In a little over 18 months the EU has to assemble again in an intergovernmental conference (IGC), a meeting that will rewrite the Union's rules and finish in a summit that will be the heir of Maastricht. The EU will set up a committee before then to consider the issues, and the French, …