Highlights of the Final Document of the 2010 Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty Review Conference

Article excerpt

The 2010 Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) Review Conference, which met May 3-28, produced a final document that reaffirms the strong support of the international community for the NPT as the cornerstone of the international nonproliferation regime. The 31-page document consists of: (1) the statement of conference president Libran Cabactulan reviewing the implementation of the treaty and commitments established at previous conferences and summarizing the views of the parties; and (2) a series of conclusions and recommendations for follow-on actions adopted by consensus by the 172 parties attending the conference, including a 64-point action plan on various aspects of the treaty. The following is a selection of the most significant elements of the president's statement and the conclusions and recommendations. - DARYL G. KIMBALL AND PETER CRAIL

"The Conference reaffirms the commitment of States parties to the effective implementation of the objectives and provisions of the Treaty, the decisions and resolution of the 1995 Review and Extension Conference. ..and the Final Document of the 2000 Review Conference." (President's statement, para. 5)

Disarmament of Nuclear Weapons

"The Conference calls on all nuclear-weapon States to undertake concrete disarmament efforts and affirms that all States need to make special efforts to establish the necessary framework to achieve and maintain a world without nuclear weapons. The Conference notes the five-point proposal for nuclear disarmament of the Secretary-General of the United Nations, which proposes, inter alia, consideration of negotiations on a nuclear weapons convention or agreement on a framework of separate mutually reinforcing instruments, backed by a strong system of verification." (Conclusions and recommendations, para. B(iii))

"In implementing the unequivocal undertaking by the nuclear-weapon States to accomplish the total elimination of their nuclear arsenals, the nuclear-weapon States commit to undertake further efforts to reduce and ultimately eliminate all types of nuclear weapons, deployed and non-deployed, including through unilateral, bilateral, regional, and multilateral measures." (Action 3)

"The nuclear-weapon States commit to accelerate concrete progress on the steps leading to nuclear disarmament, contained in the Final Document of the 2000 Review Conference, in a way that promotes international stability, peace and undiminished and increased security. To that end, they are called upon to promptly engage with a view to, inter alia:

a. Rapidly moving towards an overall reduction in the global stockpile of all types of nuclear weapons, as identified in Action 3;

b. Address the question of all nuclear weapons regardless of their type or their location as an integral part of the general nuclear disarmament process;

c. To further diminish the role and significance of nuclear weapons in all military and security concepts, doctrines and policies;

d. Discuss policies that could prevent the use of nuclear weapons and eventually lead to their elimination, lessen the danger of nuclear war and contribute to the non-proliferation and disarmament of nuclear weapons;

e. Consider the legitimate interest of nonnuclear-weapon States in further reducing the operational status of nuclear weapons systems in ways that promote international stability and security;

f. Reduce the risk of accidental use of nuclear weapons; and

g. Further enhance transparency and increase mutual confidence.

The nuclear-weapon States are called upon to report the above undertakings to the Preparatory Committee at 2014." (Action 5)

Security Assurances

"All nuclear-weapon States commit to fully respect their existing commitments with regard to security assurances. Those nuclear-weapon States that have not yet done so are encouraged to extend security assurances to non-nuclear-weapon States parties to the Treaty. …