By Mixon, Benjamin R.; Zettlemoyer, Joseph
Army , Vol. 60, No. 10
Asia and the Pacific are vital to America's security and prosperity. In a region with deep-rooted conflicts and divisions, the United States' active engagement- economic, diplomatic and militaryhas been key to maintaining peace and stability. Asia is changing dramatically, however, and presents new challenges and opportunities for the United States. Singling out the most important change to the security and economic environment in the region, President Obama has said that the relationship between the United States and an increasingly economically and militarily powerful China will shape the 21st century. The President emphasized that the U.S.Chma relationship is as important as any bilateral relationship in the world. Responding to China's rise and to the challenges in the Asia-Pacific region, climate change, energy security, pandemic disease, terrorism, natural disasters, human trafficking and cyber warfare will require a whole-of-government approach by the United States. Within our national strategy, the military - and specifically the U.S. Army - will pia ? an important role. U.S. Army Pacific (USARPAC) has been transforming to a single Army service component for the Pacific. This dynamic transformation will have lasting effects on the Army's abilities to engage with allies and partners in the region while meeting the obligations inherent as a service component to U.S. Pacific Command (USPACOM). U.S. Army Pacific is contributing to meeting the challenges now and in the future.
Transforming to Enhance Flexibility
USARPAC is making the transition to the single Army service component command (ASCC) throughout USPACOM's area of responsibility. The transition of the Eighth (Field) Army in South Korea to an Army force (ARFOR) operational warfighting headquarters within the theater army enhances the regional combatant commander's expeditionary capability and forward projection flexibility. USARPAC, as the Army service component command, delivers highly trained Army forces providing Title 10 functions and warfighting capability on the Korean Peninsula and across the Pacific during armistice, contingency and war. This transformation delineates the support relationship between joint and subunified commands, the ASCC and theater armv, and ARFOR and major subordinate commands. The USARPAC main command post will provide reach-back capability and support and assist reception, staging, onward movement and noncombatant evacuation operations for the operational headquarters on the peninsula.
USARPAC provides Army combatant command support to U.S. Forces Korea with access to additional off-peninsula Army capabilities. The comprehensive theater campaign plan includes Eighth (Field) Army units to synchronize Army Campaign Plan objectives throughout Asia and the Pacific. A crucial tool for warfighters throughout the region is the LandWarNet. USARPAC will establish a single, integrated FandWarNet across the Pacific Theater, enhancing communications at all levels. Exercises Key Resolve and Ulchi-Freedom Guardian on the Korean Peninsula have validated our interoperability and network-enabled, distributed command and control.
Geographic integration across all lines of effort will improve the effectiveness of ASCC initiatives. As a three-starlevel operational headquarters, Eighth (Field) Army also will support all training and operations across the Pacific area of responsibility. USARPACs theaterwide mission model for training support systems will incorporate Eighth (Field) Army units into the integrated, interoperable training environment that provides operationally relevant training for warfighters. Eighth (Field) Army will be a tremendous asset to the theater security cooperation program (TSCP). Theaterwide engagement with exercises and exchanges has been the hallmark of TSCP, and Eighth (Field) Army forces strengthen the program's capacity and effectiveness.
Army Role in Theater Security Cooperation Program
USARPACs theater security cooperation program remains unparalleled in preparing for the real-world priorities of humanitarian assistance as well as supporting peace, stability and reconstruction by working with regional armed forces of allies and partners. …