Japanese prime minister Naoto Kan retained leadership of his political party and the country after political powerbroker Ichiro Ozawa unsuccessfully challenged him for his position in a vote of members of the Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ). The vote comes only three months after Kan took office and just over a year after the party won control of the prime minister's office by gaining a majority in the lower house of parliament. The DPJ 's first president, Yukio Hatoyama, resigned in June after breaking an election pledge to relocate US military bases off of the southern island of Okinawa.
After taking over from Hatoyama, Kan initially enjoyed popularity and a reputation for practicality. His support flagged, however, after he suggested lawmakers begin working on measures to address the country's massive public debt, which is roughly double the size of its GDP In July the DPJ lost control of the upper house of parliament. Kan's rival Ozawa advocated increased spending- and borrowing if needed- to stimulate the economy, as well as intervention in currency markets to make Japanese products more competitive in overseas markets. …