Editor's Note: This article first appeared in the National Inf antiy Association's Fall 2010 Infantry Bugler.
The Army has reinvigorated marksmanship. Leading this effort were the TRADOC Deputy Commanding General for Initial Military Training (DCG-IMT) and the Maneuver Center of Excellence (MCOE). Today's operational environment, characterized by full spectrum operations, (offense, defense and stability operations) demands that Soldiers are well trained, competent, confident and prepared to immediately integrate into their units of assignment. The enemy is often a fleeting target mixed into urban settings along with the civilian populace. Alternatively, the enemy may attack and engage from covered and concealed positions at significant distances. Soldiers must be prepared to react quickly, accurately and lethally when the situation requires. This article provides an update on the Initial Military Training Basic Rifle Marksmanship Strategy.
The first goal, achieving standardization across U.S. Army Training Centers (ATCs). required development of the Basic Rifle Marksmanship (BRM) Strategy. The strategy is codified in the approved Basic Combat Training (BCT) and One Station Unit Training (OSUT) programs of instruction (POI), lesson plans and training support packages. Basic Officer Leaders Course (BOLC) POIs are presently being modified to incorporate all aspects of the approved BOLC BRM strategy.
A second milestone, increasing the frequency and volume of shooting, was achieved by formally adding Advanced Rifle Marksmanship (ARM) periods to BCT. Therefore, BCT Soldiers shoot more and more frequently by executing 10 periods of BRM and six periods of ARM over the 10 weeks of BCT.
The BCT Strategy, Figure 1, is designed to train competence and confidence in fundamental marksmanship skills for all BCT Soldiers. The focus is on achieving the maximal qualification proficiency prior to moving on to more advanced and difficult advanced marksmanship techniques.
The Infantry OSUT Strategy, Figure 2, is designed train competence and confidence in fundamental marksmanship skills and produce a more proficient, and versatile Infantryman, utilizing their professional tools, the M4, Close Combat Optics (CCOs), and laser aiming devices.
The third goal of the program, increasing effectiveness and realism, is achieved through the addition of Combat Field Fire (CFF). Figure 3, conducted on a range that simulates the current operational environment with barriers. The outcomes include:
* Conduct target acquisition and make combat relevant choices.
* Demonstrate weapons proficiency without coaching/assistance. …