By Schiedermair, Tobias
International Trade Forum , No. 2
Tourism development in least developed countries - economic significance and policy priorities
Least developed countries (LDCs) continue to play only a minor role in global tourism, receiving a mere 1% of the world's travel exports: LDCs' tourism earnings have risen from VS$ 3 billion in 20.00 to over US$ 10 billion in 2010, increasing an impressive 14% per year on average. Tourism in LDCs has also been less severely affected by the 2008-2009 global crisis than non-service exports, with numbers bouncing back to above pre-crisis figures in 2010.
Despite varying economic reliance on tourism earnings and diverse levels of tourism industry sophistication, common lessons can be learnt from how LDC governments address tourism-related challenges, 'Tourism and Poverty Reduction Strategies in the Integrated Framework for LDCs', a discussion paper by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) for the Steering Committee on Tourism Development (SCTD) provides insights into the nature of these challenges and the proposed policy actions, The paper analyses 35 Diagnostic Trade Integration Studies (DTIS) prepared under the Enhanced Integrated Framework initiative and validated by LDC governments.
According to the paper, some 90% of LDCs consider tourism development a priority to achieve growth and poverty reduction. LDCs rank transport, tourism-related infrastructure, the investment climate and small and medium enterprise development as the most important tourism-related support areas. Other key areas, such as safety and medical issues, hospitality standards, and the preservation of cultural heritage, receive the least attention. This situation notwithstanding, today most LDCs adopt a holistic view when planning tourism development.
In addition, most priority actions on tourism development in LDCs seem to lean towards improving the policy framework for tourism and less towards strengthening institutional structures. This policy bias reflects the importance that LDC policymakers and tourism stakeholders attach to areas such as tourism policy mainstiearning, facilitating air access, or developing inclusive tourism strategies. …