By Mazzolini, Joan; Porter, Jeff
Investigative Reporters and Editors, Inc. The IRE Journal , Vol. 26, No. 1
The noble workings of hospitals have been ingrained on our memories since the first television doctor donned scrubs. But sometimes reality is not as grand; no one likes to think of nurses with dirty hands, surgeons who only have profit in mind, patients shuffled through the system without proper treatment and caregivers focused only on the bottom line. And yet investigations have shown again and again that while many medical personnel and hospitals try to answer that higher calling, there are others who use such poor practices that it's enough to make anyone sick.
Records detail nation's treatment, oversight gaps
When plastic surgeons at Cleveland Veterans Affairs Medical Center found infection spreading inside the belly of an elderly vet and called for assistance, they expected the hospital's top surgeon to enter the operating room.
Instead of Dr. John Raaf, they got a resident, a doctor in training. While the chief of surgery was scheduled to be at the VA for emergencies like Halver Durbin's, he was actually on the other side of University Circle about a mile away, at University Hospitals, operating on patients from his private medical practice.
It wasn't an aberration for Raaf. In fact, he had set up a routine that on Mondays and Fridays, when he was scheduled and paid by the VA, he actually was seeing private patients at University Hospitals. It was an open secret.
And it's happening at VA hospitals across the country.
The Plain Dealer produced a five-day series to detail how well - or poorly - VA hospitals care for the men and women who risked their lives in service to their country.
But the problems investigated continue: doctors not doing their jobs; unsupervised residents rotating in and out of the VA, leaving veterans' medical care postponed again- and death rates for open-heart surgery centers that would be unacceptable at any other hospital.
The VA, with more than 170 hospitals across the country, is the largest health care system in the nation. More than $19 billion of taxpayer dollars flow through them each year. But in some ways, I feel the hospitals are often ignored until a major foul-up becomes public.
That's a shame. Because they are federal facilities, much information - data that would never be available at the public hospitals - is available through the Freedom of Information Act.
I requested from each of the VA hospitals a list of their doctors, their specialties, what departments they worked in, their salaries and whether they were full or part time. Included in that was their FTEE, or full-time equivalent status.
Because of that information, I knew, for example, that Raaf was a "seven-- eighths" employee and paid more $114,000 a year to be at the VA 35 hours a week. With some good sources, I found that he had physically been in the op,ating room just 12 times during a year.
Other doctors stood out as well, including the director of orthopedic surgery who didn't do a single surgery in a year, and was in the operating room overseeing residents just 16 times.
While my best sources were in Cleveland, investigations by the VA's Office of Inspector General showed me this was a problem across the country.
I also did FOIA requests for every settlement and judgment against each VA for medical malpractice annually for five years. It didn't give me names. but did supply me with the month the settlement (which by law can't be sealed) or the verdict was rendered. That helped nail down the time period to search at the courthouse.
The FOIA request for the numbers of bypass surgeries performed by about 40 VA hospitals, death rates and all site-visit reports, yielded a ton of terrific information. I put the numbers into an Excel spreadsheet so I could sort them in different ways, such as the highest death rate to lowest or the least surgeries to most. I also computed the difference between the actual death rates versus the risk-adjusted rates, which I got with the FOIA. …