Canada's Key Role in Iraq

Article excerpt

Foreign Affairs Minister John Baird made a surprise visit to Iraq Monday where he opened a new Canadian diplomatic mission, the first since Canada closed its embassy in 1991 following the first Gulf War.

It would be a mistake, however, to interpret the development as the beginning of a new era of engagement. That's because we never actually left. In fact, there are two false impressions about Canada-Iraq relations.

First, despite former prime minister Jean Chretien's myth-making comments about how Canada stayed out of the U.S.-led war in Iraq, the country was heavily engaged in the operation from beginning to end. The only thing Canada didn't do was declare its support for the Americans, which is all they ever wanted.

Canadian generals and admirals, and hundreds of soldiers, sailors and airmen were mobilized under a governor-general-in-council order to work with the Americans and the British during the war. Canadian ships provided escort protection for allied ships in and out of the Persian Gulf, while a Canadian rear admiral was in charge of the war coalition's fleet. In the air, Canadian personnel worked aboard American Airborne Warning and Control System warplanes providing surveillance and communications to U.S. jet fighters.

Canada may not have been an official combatant, but it did everything it could to support the so-called Coalition of the Willing.

Canada's Defence Department has yet to table a report on the full and complete role the country played in the war, which it should do for the historical record.

Second, Canada was fully engaged in civil reconstruction in Iraq almost immediately following the invasion on March 19, 2003. The country contributed $300 million in humanitarian assistance during the war and currently is the eighth-largest foreign investor in Iraq. Canada has also resettled thousands of Iraqi refugees.

More important, Canada has used the wisdom it has gained as a federal state with disparate, even separatist, forces to educate Iraqis about best practices for dealing with their own fierce sectarian elements. …