Noting that Ethiopia and Eritrea had reached a peace settlement, the UN Security Council did not extend a one-year arms embargo on the African neighbors beyond a May 16 expiration date but warned that it would take action if conflict resumed in the region.
On May 17, 2000, the Security Council passed Resolution 1298, which banned all states from selling or supplying Ethiopia and Eritrea with arms and munitions and from providing both sides with arms-- related training and assistance for one year. Under the resolution, the Security Council could reinstate the year-long arms embargo if Ethiopia and Eritrea did not stop fighting and resume peace negotiations. (See ACT, June 2000.)
The Security Council imposed the measures just days after war renewed between the two states, which had been fighting intermittently since a May 1998 border dispute. On June 18,2000, Ethiopia and Eritrea agreed to a ceasefire and, following talks, signed a peace agreement in Algeria on December 12.
With sanctions lifted, states could renew or make new arms deals with Ethiopia and …