Trade does provide economic benefits, but they may not reach the poorest people.
Trade can work at three basic levels to boost a country's growth and reduce poverty. First, the right policies encourage trade expansion in general, which helps generate income and provides a resource base for development. second, governments can promote exports specifically in sectors that maximize jobs and income. Third, they can help the poorest people - those who hardly participate in the formal economy - to become active participants in export activities.
Developing countries can face challenges at all these levels.
In many countries, the problem starts at the …