In 1995, the United States transferred more than twice the number of major conventional weapons to other countries than in 1994, according to the U.S. declaration to the UN Register of Conventional Arms submitted on April 30. Adapted as a voluntary measure by the UN General Assembly in 1991, the register provides the total number of weapons imported and exported for seven categories of weapons: battle tanks; armored combat vehicles (ACVs); large-calibre artillery systems; combat aircraft; attack helicopters; warships; and missiles and missile launchers. The register also collects information on domestic military holdings and procurement and on national arms transfer policies.
Of the 5,088 weapons exported by the United States last year, more than 56 percent (2,890 items) were transferred to 10 NATO allies, and nearly 33 percent went to non-NATO countries with which the United States maintains close security relationships, including Egypt, Israel, Japan, Saudi Arabia, South Korea and Taiwan. Nearly half of all U.S. exports went to Greece (2,322 weapons), including the largest transfer by category of weapon: 2,208 missiles and missile launchers.
U.S. transfers in 1995 included 437 battle tanks, 1,090 ACVs, 152 artillery pieces, 128 combat aircraft, 35 helicopters and 3,246 missiles and missiles launchers. Exports grew in all categories except warships and battle tanks; missiles and missile launchers showing the largest jump with an increase of 2,930 items. …