Power, Patronage, and Political Violence: State Building on a Brazilian Frontier, 1822-1889

Synopsis

Exploring the relationship between state centralization and municipal politics in Minas Gerais, Brazil, during the Imperial Period, Bieber (history, U. of New Mexico) charts the 19th-century origins of coronelismo, a form of machine politics that linked rural power and patronage at the municipal level to state and federal politics. This she finds the key to why Brazil maintained territorial and political cohesion within a constitutional monarchy instead of fragmenting violently as did many Spanish republics.