By John G. Gallaher
In the February revolution of 1848, French students and their allies from the Latin Quarter stirred a peaceful crowd at the Madeleine into a turbulent mob marching on the Chamber of Deputies. Students constructed, manned, and even commanded barricades throughout Paris while medical students cared for the wounded of both sides. John G. Gallaher is the first historian to analyze the crucial role played by these students in the revolution that deposed Louis Philippe and created the Second Republic. He looks at conditions in the academic community on the eve of the revolution. He then traces the role played by students during the course of the revolution and the days after. Finally he explains why the students who supported the revolution in February turned against the workers and artisans of Paris when the barricades were raised again in June. In spite of a tradition of revolution, these students favored moderate reform, not political and social upheaval.