Camille Pissarro

Camille Pissarro (kämē´yə pēsärō´), 1830–1903, French impressionist painter, b. St. Thomas, Virgin Islands. In Paris from 1855, he came under the influence of Corot and the Barbizon school. Later he allied himself with the impressionists, and was represented in all of the eight impressionist exhibitions (1874–1886). In 1884 he experimented with the theories of color devised by Seurat. Abandoning divisionism in the 1890s, he reverted to a freer, more vital interpretation of nature. It was not until then that his works began to be popular. Pissarro's warmth and generosity made him an endearing figure to many French painters. He was especially beloved as teacher and friend to Gauguin, Cézanne, and Cassatt. His son Lucien was also his pupil. Pissarro's paintings are in many leading American collections, including Le Fond de l'Hermitage (Cleveland Mus. of Art) and Bather in the Woods (Metropolitan Mus.).

See his works ed. by J. Rewald (1963); his Letters to his Son Lucien ed. by J. Rewald (1943); W. S. Meadmore, Lucien Pissarro (1963).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Neo-Impressionist Painters: A Sourcebook on Georges Seurat, Camille Pissarro, Paul Signac, Theo Van Rysselberghe, Henri Edmond Cross, Charles Angrand, Maximilien Luce, and Albert Dubois-Pillet
Russell T. Clement; Annick Houze.
Greenwood Press, 1999
An Outline of 19th Century European Painting: From David through Cézanne
Lorenz Eitner.
Westview Press, 1992
Librarian’s tip: "Camille Pissarro, 1830-1903" begins on p. 399
The Politics of Vision: Essays on Nineteenth-Century Art and Society
Linda Nochlin.
Harper & Row, 1989
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 4 "Camille Pissarro: The Unassuming Eye"
Cezanne & Pissarro: A Crucial Friendship
Wilkin, Karen.
New Criterion, Vol. 24, No. 1, September 2005
The History of Impressionism
John Rewald.
Museum of Modern Art, 1961 (Revised edition)
Librarian’s tip: Chap. I "1855-1859: The Paris World's Fair, 1855: A Panorama of French Art"
Painting and Sculpture in Europe, 1780 to 1880
Fritz Novotny.
Penguin Books, 1960
Librarian’s tip: "Impressionist Landscape-Painting in France (Monet, Sisley, Pissarro, and Others)" begins on p. 194
Historical Dictionary of the French Second Empire, 1852-1870
William E. Echard.
Greenwood Press, 1985
Librarian’s tip: "Pissarro, Camille (1830-1903)" begins on p. 487
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