Georges Braque

Georges Braque (zhôrzh bräk), 1882–1963, French painter. He joined the artists involved in developing fauvism in 1905, and at l'Estaque c.1909 he was profoundly influenced by Cézanne. He met Picasso, and the two simultaneously explored form and structure with results that led to the development of cubism. In works such as the monumental Nude (1907–8; Cuttoli Coll., Paris) Braque exemplified the analytical phase of the movement with his keen sense of structure and orderly method of decomposing an object. In 1911 he introduced typographical letters into his canvases and soon began working in collage. After World War I, in which he was badly wounded, Braque veered away from the angularity of early cubism and developed a more graceful, curvilinear style, predominantly painting still life. His works showed restraint and subtlety both in design and color (e.g., The Table, Pulitzer Coll., St. Louis). Braque is represented in leading galleries in Europe and the United States.

See his notebooks (tr. 1971); studies by W. Hofmann (1961), E. B. Mullins (1969), and F. Ponge et al. (tr. 1971).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2013, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Braque
Georges Braque.
Tudor Pub. Co., 1946
Georges Braque: His Graphic Work: His Graphic Work
Werner Hofmann; Georges Barque.
H. N. Abrams, 1961
Cubism: A History and An Analysis, 1907-1944
John Golding.
Faber and Faber, 1959
Librarian’s tip: Chap. II "Picasso and Braque, 1907-1912" and Chap. III "Picasso, Braque, and Gris, 1912-1914"
Cubism and Twentieth-Century Art
Robert Rosenblum.
Harry N. Abrams, 1966 (Revised edition)
Librarian’s tip: Part One "The Foundation of Cubism"
"Braque: The Late Works." (Georges Braque, Royal Academy, London, England)
Rosenblum, Robert.
Artforum International, Vol. 35, No. 10, Summer 1997
Eyewitness: Reports from An Art World in Crisis
Jed Perl.
Basic Books, 2000
Librarian’s tip: "Latest and Greatest" begins on p. 242
The Art of Assemblage
William C. Seitz.
Museum of Modern Art, 1961
Librarian’s tip: "Picasso, Braque, and Gris" begins on p. 22
The Cubist Painters: Aesthetic Meditations, 1913
Lionel Abel; Guillaume Apollinaire.
Wittenborn Schultz, 1949 (2nd edition)
Librarian’s tip: "Braque" begins on p. 24
Painting in Paris, from American Collections: January 19 to February 16, 1930
Museum Of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.).
Plandome press, inc.,, 1930
Librarian’s tip: "Georges Braque" begins on p. 20
A Dictionary of Twentieth-Century Art
Ian Chilvers.
Oxford University Press, 1999
Librarian’s tip: "Braque, Georges (1882-1963)" begins on p. 91
A Dictionary of Modern Painting
Carlton Lake; Robert Maillard.
Tudor Publishing, 1956
Librarian’s tip: "Braque, Georges" begins on p. 35
Picasso: Life and Art
Pierre Daix; Olivia Emmet.
Icon Editions, 1993
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 8 "The Cordee with Braque (1907-1908)"
Einstein, Picasso: Space, Time and the Beauty That Causes Havoc
Arthur I. Miller.
Basic Books, 2001
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 5 "Braque and Picasso Explore Space"
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