Georges Rouault

Georges Rouault (zhôrzh rōō-ō´), 1871–1958, French expressionist artist. First apprenticed to a stained-glass maker, Rouault studied after 1891 under Gustave Moreau. He exhibited several paintings with the fauves (see fauvism) in 1905. His sorrowful and bitter delineations of judges, clowns, and prostitutes caused a great stir in Paris. The suffering of Jesus was his frequent subject. His thickly encrusted, powerfully colored images, outlined heavily in black, have the effect of icons and a pattern suggestive of stained glass. About 1916, Rouault began more than a decade of work for the publisher Vollard. Using a variety of graphic techniques, he executed a series of about 60 prints called Miserere. He continued to paint the themes he had used earlier, but in a more tranquil style. Examples of his art can be found in many European and American collections. The Museum of Modern Art, New York City, owns his Three Judges and Christ Mocked by Soldiers.

See catalog by P. Courthion (1962); studies by G. Marchiori (1967), J. B. Kind (1969), J. Maritain (1969), and W. A. Dyrness (1972).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Rouault, Biographical and Critical Study
Lionello Venturi; James Emmons.
Skira, 1959
The Bite of the Print: Satire and Irony in Woodcuts, Engravings, Etchings, Lithographs and Serigraphs
Dorothy Getlein; Dorothy V. Getlein.
C. N. Potter, 1963
Librarian’s tip: Chap. Eleven "Rouault"
The Eloquence of Symbols: Studies in Humanist Art
Edgar Wind; Jaynie Anderson.
Clarendon Press, 1993 (Revised edition)
Librarian’s tip: Chap. XI "Traditional Religion and Modern Art: Rouault and Matisse"
Through a Glass Darkly: Essays in the Religious Imagination
John C. Hawley.
Fordham University Press, 1996
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 7 "Rouault and the Catholic Revival in France"
The Fauves
Jean-Paul Crespelle.
New York Graphic Society, 1962
Librarian’s tip: "Rouault" begins on p. 219
A Dictionary of Twentieth-Century Art
Ian Chilvers.
Oxford University Press, 1999
Librarian’s tip: "Rouault, Georges (1871-1958)" begins on p. 531
A Dictionary of Modern Painting
Carlton Lake; Robert Maillard.
Tudor Publishing, 1956
Librarian’s tip: "Rouault, Georges" begins on p. 250
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