Nonverbal Communication (Body Language)

body language

body language, nonverbal communication by means of facial expessions, eye behavior, gestures, posture, and the like. Body language expresses emotions, feelings, and attitudes, sometimes even contradicting the messages conveyed by spoken language. Some nonverbal expressions are understood by people in all cultures; other expressions are particular to specific cultures. Kinesics, the scientific study of body language, was pioneered by the anthropologist Ray L. Birdwhistell, who wrote Introduction to Kinesics (1952).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

As Others See Us: Body Movement and the Art of Successful Communication
Ellen Goldman.
Routledge, 2004
Applications of Nonverbal Communication
Ronald E. Riggio; Robert S. Feldman.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2005
Visible Thought: The New Psychology of Body Language
Geoffrey Beattie.
Routledge, 2003
Gesture and Thought
David McNeill.
University of Chicago Press, 2005
Pointing: Where Language, Culture, and Cognition Meet
Sotaro Kita.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2003
Nonverbal Communication: Where Nature Meets Culture
Ullica Segerstrîle; Peter Molnár.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1997
The Sourcebook of Nonverbal Measures: Going beyond Words
Valerie Manusov.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2005
Nonverbal Behavior in Clinical Settings
Pierre Philippot; Robert S. Feldman; Erik J. Coats.
Oxford University Press, 2003
Children's Unspoken Language
Gwyneth Doherty-Sneddon.
Jessica Kingsley, 2003
Children Communicating: The First 5 Years
Beth Bonniwell Haslett; Wendy Samter.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1997
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 2 "Nonverbal Communication: Its Origins and Development"
Skilled Interpersonal Communication: Research, Theory, and Practice
Owen Hargie; David Dickson.
Routledge, 2004 (4th edition)
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 3 "Nonverbal Communication"
Silent Messages in Negotiations: The Role of Nonverbal Communication in Cross-Cultural Business Negotiations
Chu, Yun; Strong, William F.; Ma, Jianyu; Greene, Walter E.
Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict, Vol. 9, No. 2, July 2005
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Communicating across Cultures
Stella Ting-Toomey.
Guilford Press, 1999
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 5 "Mindful Intercultural Nonverbal Communication"
I Hear What You Say, but What Are You Telling Me? The Strategic Use of Nonverbal Communication in Mediation
Barbara G. Madonik.
Jossey-Bass, 2001
Nonverbal and Verbal Communication in "Involved" and "Casual" Relationships among College Students
McGinty, Kristen; Knox, David; Zusman, Marty E.
College Student Journal, Vol. 37, No. 1, March 2003
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