Internet Gambling

Internet gambling takes place using the Internet. Since the inception of the Internet, a large number of websites for gambling have developed via the World Wide Web.

Websites highlight the constant availability of gambling online 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Many sites promote welcome bonuses, ongoing bonuses and special promotional or membership incentives. With the great technological advancements that have occurred during recent years, access to the Internet is now possible at all times in any location. This has been facilitated by mobile devices that enable linking to the World Wide Web, leading the way to mobile gambling via wireless devices.

Types of gambling possibilities online include casinos, poker, numerous games, lotteries, bingo and sports betting.

Online casinos utilize a system of gambling where participants play against each other instead of playing against the house. Money is made through rakes as well as through fees accrued during tournaments. Online casinos advertise hundreds of casino games including roulette, blackjack, online slots and live dealer casinos. Online poker, Texas Holdem poker, Omaha poker, poker hands and poker schools can be downloaded. Online bingo, penny bingo and deal or no deal bingo can be played on many sites.

Sports betting comprises betting on sporting event results. The industry involves bookmakers, betting exchanges and spread betting firms. A host of sports and sports betting events are available online. Football and virtual sports are some of the games available, with horseracing a betting favorite. Fixed odds betting is popular for online sports betting.

Financial betting is provided with a system of fixed odds on a wide scale of financial markets. Politics is also featured as a betting system, such as the odds of the next cabinet minister to resign. Other betting opportunities include TV, film and radio personalities (who will win what award), as well as aspects pertaining to the royal family. Specials of hot dog contests and other topical gaming possibilities are highlighted for betting opportunities. Music awards and prizes and who will receive them present opportunities for betting.

Although the first online lotteries were privately run or operated by companies licensed to offer gambling in small countries, most online lotteries are now run by the government. These government lottery sites also offer online games. There was a cessation of online lotteries hosted by private companies or individuals when the government passed laws that enabled greater protection of government gambling sites. Protection against competition facilitated a system of greater taxable cash flows for government-controlled lotteries. Critics comment on the duality inherent in a system whereby the government advertises gambling that purports to be legal and moral when it is run by the government, but not so when run privately. Criticism is lodged by the promotion of gambling that may not be considered beneficial to members of its society.

Payment for Internet gambling can be made through a variety of methods. Internet gaming sites (IGSs) have set up consumer payment plans. Transactions on some sites can be made by credit card, debit card, e-wallets, prepaid cards and wire transfers. Online gamblers usually upload money to the company and then proceed to place bets or play games. In the United States, many banks prohibit the use of their credit cards for online gambling purposes. A new term has arisen, cybercurrency, which refers to redeemable online credits. Some concerns have been raised regarding money laundering due to the ease of electronic transactions and the possible exploitation of funds connected to Internet gambling.

Legal aspects of gambling through the Internet depend on laws applicable to different countries. Gambling on the Internet requires compliance with the Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act of 2006 (UIGEA), United States legislation regulating gambling online.

Online gambling sites generally provide a section regarding responsible gambling. Identification is required to ensure underage players are not online. Many include statements that they believe gambling to be a legitimate adult leisure pursuit although help and advice is available for clients who are unable to stay within appropriate limits. Guidelines are offered for safe and responsible betting. Some suggestions involve limiting the amount of time spent each day and keeping track of financial transactions. A transaction history and readily available balance are options provided. Links to various gambling addiction helplines are given, in the event that help is needed for compulsive and pathological gambling.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Money Games: Profiting from the Convergence of Sports and Entertainment
David M. Carter.
Stanford Business Books, 2011
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 6 "Gambling"
Regulation of Gambling on the Internet
Anderson, Paul.
The International Sports Law Journal, No. 1-2, January-April 2009
The Legalization of Internet Gambling: Why the Clock Is Ticking on Prohibition
D'Addario, Shylene B.
Rutgers Computer & Technology Law Journal, Vol. 38, No. 1, Spring 2012
Ready to Roll: States Are Venturing into the New Frontier of Online Gambling
Griffin, Jonathan.
State Legislatures, Vol. 38, No. 10, December 2012
Aces and Eights: Why the Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act Resides in "Dead Man's" Land in Attempting to Further Curb Online Gambling and Why Expanded Criminalization Is Preferable to Legalization
Conon, Jonathan.
Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, Vol. 99, No. 4, Fall 2009
Does Internet Gambling Strengthen the U.S. Economy? Don't Bet on It
Hammer, Ryan D.
Federal Communications Law Journal, Vol. 54, No. 1, December 2001
Gambling and the Public Interest
Peter Collins.
Praeger, 2003
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 7 "E-Gambling"
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