Exxon Valdez Oil Spill

Valdez

Valdez (văldēz´), city (1990 pop. 4,068), Valdez-Chitina-Whittier census div., S Alaska, at the head of Valdez Arm inside Prince William Sound; inc. 1901. It has tourist and fishing industries, as well as salmon spawning grounds. The city's excellent, nearly landlocked ice-free harbor was explored and named by the Spaniards in 1790. Valdez was established (1898) as a debarkation point for those seeking a route to the Yukon gold fields that would obviate the necessity of paying duty to Canada. Following a devastating earthquake and tidal wave in 1964, the city was rebuilt at a location 5 mi (8 km) west of the old site. Valdez is the southern terminus of the trans-Alaskan oil pipeline, built in the 1970s, that originates in Prudhoe Bay. Its port facilities were greatly enlarged in the mid-1970s. On Mar. 24, 1989, the Exxon Valdez hit a reef near Valdez and spilled 11 million gallons of oil into Prince William Sound. Clean-up efforts ensued, but much wildlife was killed or endangered as a result of the environmental disaster.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

The Economics of a Disaster: The Exxon Valdez Oil Spill
Bruce M. Owen; David A. Argue; Harold W. Furchtgott-Roth; Gloria J. Hurdle; Gale Mosteller.
Quorum Books, 1995
The Corporation, Ethics, and the Environment
W. Michael Hoffman; Robert Frederick; Edward S. Petry Jr.
Quorum Books, 1990
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 10 "The Exxon Valdez Crisis"
Crisis Communications: A Casebook Approach
Kathleen Fearn-Banks.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2002 (2nd edition)
Librarian’s tip: Chap. Seven "Case: Exxon and the Valdez Oil Spill"
In Re the Exxon Valdez Alaska Native Class V. Exxon Corp.: Cultural Resources, Subsistence Living, and the Special Injury Rule
Panoff, Christopher V.
Environmental Law, Vol. 28, No. 3, Fall 1998
Alaska Sport Fishing Association V. Exxon Corporation Highlights the Need to Take a Hard Look at the Doctrine of Parens Patriae When Applied in Natural Resource Damage Litigation
Kerin, Scott.
Environmental Law, Vol. 25, No. 3, Summer 1995
Scientific Argument in Organizational Crisis Communication: The Case of Exxon
Sellnow, Timothy L.
Argumentation and Advocacy, Vol. 30, No. 1, Summer 1993
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Global Governance, Economy and Law: Waiting for Justice
Errol Mendes; Ozay Mehmet.
Routledge, 2003
Librarian’s tip: "The Environmental Impact of Corporate Activities: The Exxon Valdez Disaster, More Than a Decade Later, as a Case Study" begins on p. 123
Communication and Organizational Crisis
Matthew W. Seeger; Timothy L. Sellnow; Robert R. Ulmer.
Praeger, 2003
Librarian’s tip: "The Exxon Valdez" begins on p. 113
A Historical Dictionary of the U.S. Merchant Marine and Shipping Industry: Since the Introduction of Steam
René De La Pedraja.
Greenwood Press, 1994
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of the Exxon Valdez oil spill begins on p. 194
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