Logging Industry

lumber

lumber, term for timber that has been cut into boards for use as a building material. The major steps in producing lumber involve logging (the felling and preparation of timber for shipment to sawmills), sawing the logs into boards, grading the boards according to defects and intended use, drying, and finishing the rough boards into smoother products. Among the leading lumber-producing countries in the world are Russia and the United States, which together produce over 50% of the world's lumber supply. In the United States, Maine early took the lead in production, but as the industry spread the forests of the West acquired increasing importance and Oregon, Washington, and California became leading producers. More recently, the forests of the S United States have taken over a large share of lumber production. Lumbering was one of the first industries in North America—its first exports were ship timbers. Logging was a frontier industry, the work being rough, dangerous, and difficult. Romantic, exaggerated stories and legends of the feats of the lumberjack are a colorful chapter in U.S. folklore. For lumber cuts and preparations, see wood.

See N. C. Brown, Lumber (2d ed. 1958); R. E. Pike, Tall Trees, Tough Men (1967); L. Blanchard, The Lumberjack Frontier (1969).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Community and the Northwestern Logger: Continuities and Changes in the Era of the Spotted Owl
Matthew S. Carroll.
Westview Press, 1995
The Timber Bubble That Burst: Government Policy and the Bailout of 1984
Joe P. Mattey.
Oxford US, 1990
The Coming of Age of American Business: Three Centuries of Enterprise, 1600-1900
Elisha P. Douglass.
University of North Carolina Press, 1971
Librarian’s tip: Chap. XIV "Lumbering"
Logs for Capital: The Timber Industry and Capitalist Enterprise in the Nineteenth Century
Sing C. Chew.
Greenwood Press, 1992
Yankee Loggers: A Recollection of Woodsmen, Cooks, and River Drivers
Stewart H. Holbrook.
International Paper Co., 1961
Down to Earth: Nature's Role in American History
Ted Steinberg.
Oxford University Press, 2002
Librarian’s tip: "The Business of Trees" begins on p. 62
The Cutting Edge: Conserving Wildlife in Logged Tropical Forests
Robert A. Fimbel; Alejandro Grajal; John G. Robinson.
Columbia University Press, 2001
Chopping Down the Birds: Logging and the Migratory Bird Treaty Act
Kim, Helen M.
Environmental Law, Vol. 31, No. 1, Winter 2001
Legislative History of the Timber and Salvage Amendments Enacted in the 104th Congress: A Small Victory for Timber Communities in the Pacific Northwest
Gorton, Slade; Kays, Julie.
Environmental Law, Vol. 26, No. 2, Summer 1996
Striking the Balance: The Tale of Eight Ninth Circuit Timber Sales Cases
Brown, Susan Jane M.
Environmental Law, Vol. 29, No. 3, Fall 1999
A Case Study on Successes and Failures in Challenging Logging Activities with Adverse Cumulative Effects on Fish and Wildlife
Hartt, Laura.
Environmental Law, Vol. 32, No. 3, Summer 2002
Tenakee Springs V. Franzel and the Tongass Timber Reform Act
McCrackin, Karen A.
Environmental Law, Vol. 23, No. 3, July 1993
Talk and Log: Wilderness Politics in British Columbia, 1965-96
Jeremy Wilson.
University of British Columbia Press, 1998
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 2 "The BC Forest Industry"
Timber Booms and Institutional Breakdown in Southeast Asia
Michael L. Ross.
Cambridge University Press, 2001
The Lumber Industry in Early Modern Japan
Conrad Totman.
University of Hawaii Press, 1995
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