Amelia Earhart

Amelia Earhart (âr´härt), 1897–1937, American aviator, b. Atchison, Kans. She was the first woman to cross the Atlantic by airplane (1928) and the first woman to make a solo flight across the Atlantic (1932). She was also the first person to fly alone from Honolulu to California and to solo nonstop from California to Mexico (both: 1935). In 1937, she attempted with a copilot, Frederick J. Noonan, to fly around the world at the equator, but her plane was lost on the flight between New Guinea and Howland Island. In 1992, a search party reported finding remnants of Earhart's plane on Nikumaroro (formerly Gardner Island), Kiribati, but their claims were disputed by people who had worked on Earhart's plane. Other artifacts that could be from Earhart's flight (but no clear evidence) have been found on Nikumaroro, and her fate remains a mystery. Geraldine Mock later became (1964) the first woman to complete Earhart's round-the-world route. Earhart was married (1931) to George Palmer Putnam, who wrote (1939) a laudatory biography of her.

See biographies by M. S. Lovell (1989), D. L. Rich (1996), and S. Butler (1997, repr. 2009); T. E. Devine and R. Daley, Eyewitness: The Amelia Earhart Incident (1987); S. Ware, Still Missing (1993); C. Szabo, Sky Pioneer (1997); T. C. Brennan and R. Rosenbaum, Witness to the Execution: The Odyssey of Amelia Earhart (1999); K. Lubben and E. Barnett, ed., Amelia Earhart: Image and Icon (2007).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

East to the Dawn: The Life of Amelia Earhart
Susan Butler.
Addison-Wesley, 1997
Women Remembered: A Guide to Landmarks of Women's History in the United States
Marion Tinling.
Greenwood Press, 1986
Outstanding Women Athletes: Who They Are and How They Influenced Sports in America
Janet Woolum.
Oryx Press, 1998 (2nd edition)
Librarian’s tip: "Amelia Earhart (aviator)" p. 110
Encyclopedia of Women and Sport in America
Carole A. Oglesby; Doreen L. Greenberg; Ruth Louise Hall; Karen L. Hill; Frances Johnston; Sheila Easterby Ridley.
Oryx Press, 1998
Librarian’s tip: "Amelia Earhart" p. 79
Notable Women in American History: A Guide to Recommended Biographies and Autobiographies
Lynda G. Adamson.
Greenwood Press, 1999
Librarian’s tip: "Earhart, Amelia (1897-1937)"p. 95
War and American Women: Heroism, Deeds, and Controversy
William B. Breuer.
Praeger, 1997
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 2 "Female Trailblazers"
Aviation Legend
Maier, Timothy W.
Insight on the News, Vol. 16, No. 8, February 28, 2000
Late, Great Geographers
Geographical, Vol. 72, No. 8, August 2000
Ahead of Their Time: A Biographical Dictionary of Risk-Taking Women
Joyce Duncan.
Greenwood Press, 2002
Librarian’s tip: "Amelia Earhart (1898 - 1937)" begins on p. 133
The Eleanor Roosevelt Encyclopedia
Maurine H. Beasley; Holly C. Shulman; Henry R. Beasley.
Greenwood Press, 2001
Librarian’s tip: "Earhart, Amelia" begins on p. 152
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