Collective Bargaining

collective bargaining, in labor relations, procedure whereby an employer or employers agree to discuss the conditions of work by bargaining with representatives of the employees, usually a labor union. Its purpose may be either a discussion of the terms and conditions of employment (wages, work hours, job safety, or job security) or a consideration of the collective relations between both sides (the right to organize workers, recognition of a union, or a guarantee of no reprisals against the workers if a strike has occurred). The merits of collective bargaining have been argued by both opponents and proponents of the process; the former maintain that it deprives the worker of his individual liberty to dispose of his service, while the latter point out that without the union's protection the worker is subject to the dictation of the employer. As an essential process in labor relations, collective bargaining was first developed in Great Britain in the 19th cent. It has since become an accepted practice in most Western countries with a high level of industrialization. The National Labor Relations Act of 1935, known as the Wagner Act, established the right to collective bargaining in the United States.

See G. Farmer, Collective Bargaining in Transition (2 vol., 1967); J. S. Fishkin, The Limits of Obligation (1983); E. E. Herman et al., Collective Bargaining and Labor Relations (2d ed. 1987); J. P. Windmuller et al., Collective Bargaining in Industrialized Market Economies (1987).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

How Collective Bargaining Works: A Survey of Experience in Leading American Industries
Harry A. Millis.
Twentieth Century Fund, 1942
Collective Bargaining: Principles and Cases
John T. Dunlop.
Richard D. Irwin, 1949
Collective Bargaining in Public Employment
Michael H. Moskow; J. Joseph Loewenberg; Edward Clifford Koziara.
Random House, 1970
Collective Bargaining as An Instrument of Social Change
David C. Jacobs.
Quorum Books, 1994
Frontiers of Collective Bargaining
John T. Dunlop; Neil W. Chamberlain.
Harper & Row, 1967
Collective Bargaining in State and Local Government
John Patrick Piskulich.
Praeger Publishers, 1992
Strategy and Collective Bargaining Negotiation
Carl M. Stevens.
McGraw-Hill, 1963
Labor Relations at the New York Daily News: Peripheral Bargaining and the 1990 Strike
Kenneth M. Jennings.
Praeger Publishers, 1993
Labor Relations in Education: An International Perspective
Bruce S. Cooper; Charles T. Kerchner.
Greenwood Press, 1992
Minneapolis Teamsters Strike of 1934
Philip Korth.
Michigan State University Press, 1995
Collective Bargaining in Sweden
T. L. Johnston.
Harvard University Press, 1962
Aligning Traditional Collective Bargaining with Nontraditional Labor Relations. (Labor-Management Relations)
Kirkner, Rob; Sharfstein, Steve.
The Public Manager, Vol. 30, No. 4, Winter 2001
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