Bilingual Education

bilingual education, the sanctioned use of more than one language in U.S. education. The Bilingual Education Act (1968), combined with a Supreme Court decision (1974) mandating help for students with limited English proficiency, requires instruction in the native languages of students. The National Association for Bilingual Education (founded 1975) is the main U.S. professional and advocacy organization for blingual education. Critics (including the national group English First), who maintain that some students never join mainstream classes, have attempted to make English the "official" language in several states and cities; state ballot initiatives approved in California (1998) and Arizona (2000) mostly eliminated bilingual education programs there. Bilingualism proponents note the importance of ethnic heritage and the preservation of language and culture, as well as the need to educate non-English-speaking students in all subjects, not just English.

See K. Hakuta, Mirror of Language: The Debate on Bilingualism (1986); J. Cummins and D. Corson, Bilingual Education (1997); and H. Kloss, The American Bilingual Tradition (1998).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Contested Policy: The Rise and Fall of Federal Bilingual Education in the United States, 1960-2001
Guadalupe San Miguel Jr.
University of North Texas Press, 2004
Bilingual Education: From Compensatory to Quality Schooling
María Estela Brisk.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1998
Bilingual or Immersion? A New Group of Studies Is Providing Fresh Evidence That It's Not the Language of Instruction That Counts, but the Quality of Education
Hamilton, Kendra.
Diverse Issues in Higher Education, Vol. 23, No. 5, April 20, 2006
Situational Context of Education: A Window into the World of Bilingual Learners
María Estela Brisk; Angela Burgos; Sara Hamerla.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2004
Literacy and Bilingualism: A Handbook for All Teachers
María Estela Brisk; Margaret M. Harrington.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2000
International Handbook of Bilingualism and Bilingual Education
Christina Bratt Paulston.
Greenwood Press, 1988
Becoming Biliterate: A Study of Two-Way Bilingual Immersion Education
Bertha Pérez.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2004
Bilinguality and Bilingualism
Josiane F. Hamers; Michel H. A. Blanc.
Cambridge University Press, 2000 (2nd edition)
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 11 "Bilingual Education"
Unz Got Your Tongue: What Have We Lost with the English-Only Mandates?
Berriz, Berta Rosa.
Radical Teacher, No. 75, Winter 2005
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Language Politics in the U.S.A.: The Paradox of Bilingual Education
Crawford, James.
Social Justice, Vol. 25, No. 3, Fall 1998
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Staying the Course in Times of Change
Mora, Jill Kerper.
Journal of Teacher Education, Vol. 51, No. 5, November 2000
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Children as Pawns: The Politics of Educational Reform
Timothy A. Hacsi.
Harvard University Press, 2002
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 2 "Is Bilingual Education a Good Idea?"
Bilingual Education: Teachers' Narratives
Nancy Lemberger.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1997
Key Concepts in Bilingual Education: Identity Texts, Cultural Citizenship, and Humanizing Pedagogy
Fránquiz, María E.
New England Reading Association Journal, Vol. 48, No. 1, July 1, 2012
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