Teaching Kindergarten

kindergarten

kindergarten [Ger.,=garden of children], system of preschool education. Friedrich Froebel designed (1837) the kindergarten to provide an educational situation less formal than that of the elementary school but one in which children's creative play instincts would be organized constructively. Through the use of songs, stories, games, simple manual materials, and group activities for which the furnishings of a kindergarten are adapted, children develop habits of cooperation and application, and the transition from home to school is thought to be made less formidable.

The theory implicit in the kindergarten system, that education develops through expression and social cooperation, has greatly influenced elementary education and parent education, especially in the United States, where kindergartens are generally a part of public school systems. The first kindergarten in America was founded (1856) at Watertown, Wis., by Margaretta Schurz, wife of Carl Schurz. It was followed by a school opened (1861) by Elizabeth Peabody in Boston and by a public kindergarten established (1873) in St. Louis by Susan Blow.

See also nursery school.

Bibliography

See C. Goode, World of Kindergarten (1970); W. Barbe, Basic Skills in Kindergarten (1980); S. Stuart, Teaching and Reaching (1983); B. Spodek, Today's Kindergarten (1986); N. Brosterman, Inventing Kindergarten (1997).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Engaging Young Children in Mathematics: Standards for Early Childhood Mathematics Education
Douglas H. Clements; Julie Sarama; Ann-Marie Dibiase.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2004
Reflections on Statistics: Learning, Teaching, and Assessment in Grades K-12
Susanne P. Lajoie.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1998
Children's Emergent Literacy: From Research to Practice
David F. Lancy.
Praeger, 1994
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 13 "It Takes a Whole Village to Raise a Child: Supplementing Instruction for 'At-Risk Kindergarten Students"
A SPECIAL SECTION ON READING: Learning to Read in Kindergarten: Has Curriculum Development Bypassed the Controversies?
Joyce, Bruce; Hrycauk, Marilyn; Calhoun, Emily.
Phi Delta Kappan, Vol. 85, No. 2, October 2003
Children's Literature for Developing Good Readers and Writers in Kindergarten
Yoo, Seung-Yoeun.
Education, Vol. 118, No. 1, Fall 1997
Teaching Language and Literature in Elementary Classrooms: A Resource Book for Professional Development
Marcia S. Popp.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1996
Librarian’s tip: "Looking into Classrooms: Kindergarten Level" begins on p. 65
The Language Arts in the Elementary School
Ruth G. Strickland.
D. C. Heath, 1957 (2nd edition)
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 5 "Language Development in the Nursery School and Kindergarten"
Invented Spelling: An Assessment and Intervention Protocol for Kindergarten Children
Ahmed, Sarah T.; Lombardino, Linda J.
Communication Disorders Quarterly, Vol. 22, No. 1, Fall 2000
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Using a Signed Language as a Second Language for Kindergarten Students
Daniels, Marilyn.
Child Study Journal, Vol. 33, No. 1, March 2003
Teaching World History: A Resource Book
Heidi Roupp.
M.E. Sharpe, 1997
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 10 "The Social Studies Curriculum, K-12"
The RISK Screening Test: Using Kindergarten Teachers' Ratings to Predict Future Placement in Resource Classrooms
Coleman, J. Michael; Dover, G. Michael.
Exceptional Children, Vol. 59, No. 5, March-April 1993
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
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