Child Day Care

day nursery

day nursery, day-care center, or crèche (krĕsh), institution for the care of the children of working parents. Originating in Europe in the late 18th and early 19th cent., day nurseries were established in the United States by private charities in the 1850s, the first being the New York Day Nursery (1854). Early day nurseries cared for children of all ages, but problems arising from inadequately trained and motivated staff caused most states to limit day nurseries to serving only children from two to five years old. The women's liberation movement, as well as other social developments of the mid-20th cent., spurred the growth of day nurseries and led to efforts designed to lower the age at which children may be cared for. Many centers now provide infant care. The federally funded Head Start program (est. 1965) was designed to provide a combination of educational and day-care services to children from poor families. The day nursery should not be confused with the nursery school, an educational institution with different objectives.

See E. S. Beer, Working Mothers and the Day Nursery (1947, repr. 1970); E. B. Evans and G. E. Saia, Day Care for Infants (1972); M. Steinfels, Who's Minding the Children? (1974).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

A Mother's Job: The History of Day Care, 1890-1960
Elizabeth Rose.
Oxford University Press, 1999
We Are Not Babysitters: Family Childcare Providers Redefine Work and Care
Mary C. Tuominen.
Rutgers University Press, 2003
Kids at Work: The Value of Employer-Sponsored On-Site Child Care Centers
Rachel Connelly; Deborah S. Degraff; Rachel A. Willis.
W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, 2004
People under Three: Young People in Day Care
Elinor Goldschmied; Sonia Jackson.
Routledge, 2003 (2nd edition)
What I'm Really Looking For: Family Day Care from the Parent's Perspective
Huang, Grace Hui-Chen.
Education, Vol. 128, No. 1, Fall 2007
Short and Long Term Effects on Infants and Toddlers in Full Time Daycare Centers
Brandtjen, Henry Ma; Verny, Thomas Md, DPsych, Frcp.
Journal of Prenatal & Perinatal Psychology & Health, Vol. 15, No. 4, Summer 2001
Guideposts concerning the Development and Implementation of Quality Childcare/daycare for Inner-City Families
Peyton, Reginald M.; Lewis, Gilda L.; Kamery, Rob H.; Pitts, Sarah T.
Journal of Legal, Ethical and Regulatory Issues, Vol. 9, No. 1-2, January-July 2006
Long-Term Studies of Preschool: Lasting Benefits Far Outweigh Costs
Bracey, Gerald W.; Stellar, Arthur.
Phi Delta Kappan, Vol. 84, No. 10, June 2003
Championing Child Care
Sally S. Cohen.
Columbia University Press, 2001
Handbook of Parenting
Marc H. Bornstein.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, vol.3, 2002 (2nd edition)
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 7 "Nonparental Caregiving"
Time to Care: Redesigning Child Care to Promote Education, Support Families, and Build Communities
Joan Lombardi.
Temple University Press, 2003
Everybody's Children: Child Care as a Public Problem
William T. Gormley Jr.
Brookings Institutuion, 1995
By a Thread: How Child Care Centers Hold on to Teachers, How Teachers Build Lasting Careers
Marcy Whitebook; Laura Sakai.
W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, 2004
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