Head Start

Head Start, U.S. educational program for disadvantaged preschool children, established under the Economic Opportunity Act of 1964. Aimed initially only at poor children, its purpose was to organize programs that would prepare preschool children for elementary school. Money was appropriated through the Office of Economic Opportunity, which made individual grants to cities and other localities to set up Head Start centers. In 1969 the program was transferred to the Dept. of Health, Education and Welfare (now Health and Human Services). It was later extended to children above the poverty level, whose parents, however, had to pay according to their income.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2013, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Head Start: The Inside Story of America's Most Successful Educational Experiment
Edward Zigler; Susan Muenchow.
Basic Books, 1992
The Reconstruction of Family Policy
Elaine A. Anderson; Richard C. Hula.
Greenwood Press, 1991
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 15 "Policy Implications of Involving Parents in Head Start"
As the Twig Is Bent--Lasting Effects of Preschool Programs
Consortium for Longitudinal Studies.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1983
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 10 "Long-Term Effects of Projects Head Start and Follow Through: The New Haven Project"
Before Head Start: The Iowa Station & America's Children
Hamilton Cravens.
University of North Carolina Press, 1993
Qualitative Research in Early Childhood Settings
J. Amos Hatch.
Praeger, 1995
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 3 "Heart, Mind, and Soul: Head Start as a Reminder of the Powerful Function of Schools for Their Communities"
Children as Pawns: The Politics of Educational Reform
Timothy A. Hacsi.
Harvard University Press, 2002
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 1 "What Difference Does Head Start Make?"
Blurring the Boundaries: Local Collaborations among Head Start, Preschool, and Child Care Programs
Sandfort, Jodi R.; Selden, Sally Coleman.
Policy & Practice of Public Human Services, Vol. 59, No. 1, March 2001
Pathways to Quality in Head Start, Public School, and Private Nonprofit Early Childhood Programs
Epstein, Ann S.
Journal of Research in Childhood Education, Vol. 13, No. 2, Spring-Summer 1999
Head Start, Other Preschool Programs, & Life Success in a Youth Cohort
Caputo, Richard K.
Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare, Vol. 30, No. 2, June 2003
Early Head Start for Low-Income Families with Infants and Toddlers. (Reports from the Field)
Fenichel, Emily; Mann, Tammy L.
The Future of Children, Vol. 11, No. 1, Spring-Summer 2001
Families of Head Start Children: A Research Connection
Singh, Delar K.
Journal of Instructional Psychology, Vol. 30, No. 1, March 2003
Historical Perspectives on the Education of Black Children
Harry Morgan.
Praeger Publishers, 1995
Librarian’s tip: Chap. VII "Head Start: The Great Divide"
Sense and Nonsense about IQ: The Case for Uniqueness
Charles Locurto.
Praeger, 1991
Librarian’s tip: "The Evaluation of Head Start" begins on p. 49
Social Policy and Policymaking by the Branches of Government and the Public-At-Large
Theodore J. Stein.
Columbia University Press, 2001
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Head Start begins on p. 344
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